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Explainers - Profiles - March 7, 2019

Nigeria now No1 Rice Producer in Africa

Nigeria has taken over from Egypt as no1 rice producer in Africa, having satisfied local rice demands with about 3.8 million tonnes and leaves the rest for export.

Egypt has been Africa’s largest rice producer cultivating over 445,000 hectares of farmland to produce 4.4 million tonnes annually for both local consumption and exports.

Director General of the Africa Rice Centre in Benin Republic, Harold Roy-Macauley, had told The Nation recently that Nigeria is now Africa’s largest rice producer.

According to Roy-Macauley, Nigeria now produces four million tonnes of rice annually, which is 400,000 tonnes smaller than Egypt’s annual production.

Although the Nigerian government has made efforts to boost local rice production in recent times, Nigeria was only able to surpass Egypt at this time because the North African country voluntarily reduced rice production in 2018.

In March 2018, Abdelatif Khalid, head of the irrigation department at Egypt’s ministry of irrigation and water resources, said the country reduced cut rice production by 40% to save water.

“We cannot do anything else in light of the limited amounts of water we have. We have to grow less rice to save the water for other uses,” he said.

“Egypt is water-poor already and it cannot keep growing crops that need huge amounts of water.

“Growing crops like rice and exporting it is akin to exporting water, which should not be allowed for a country like Egypt.”

Data made available by the Thai Rice Exporters Association website shows that Nigeria’s rice imports from the country have reduced.

At present, the Central Bank of Nigeria provides support to smallholder farmers by providing loans and linking them with companies in the processing of key agricultural commodities.

Also Read: AfDB forecasts 2.3% growth in Nigeria’s economy in 2019

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