The most corrupt countries in Africa are from the Sub-Saharan region of the continent, according to the Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index. From 2012 to 2021, the index of countries in the world rose and fell. Last year, 25 countries improved, 23 declined from their rank, and 131 countries retained their position.
The Index rates the 180 countries in the world based on their perceived levels of public sector corruption. It employs a scale of 0 to 100, with zero indicating very corrupt and 100 indicating very clean data. Over two-thirds of countries (68%) have a score of less than 50, while the world average remains at 43.
Sub-Saharan Africa has the lowest score index with 32 out of 100, much below the world average of 43. Transparency International describes the current report as “a bleak picture of inaction against corruption”, with some of the continent’s largest governments and economies making little or no progress in changing their narrative of being part of the most corrupt countries in Africa.
“Frustration with government corruption and lack of trust in institutions speak to a need for greater political integrity,” says Delia Ferreira Rubio, Chair of Transparency International. “Governments must urgently address the corrupting role of big money in political party financing and the undue influence it exerts on our political systems.”
Here is a list of the top 10 most corrupt countries in Africa.
South Sudan tops the list of the most corrupt countries in Africa. On a scale of 0 to 100, the country scores 11/100 and ranks last out of the 180 countries in the world as of 2021. The score changed from 12/100 to 11/100, thus changing its position from second to first on the most corrupt African countries list.
The country is known for its bribery. Also, South Sudan’s judiciary is characterised by corruption, rendering it powerless to address the country’s problems.
In 2020, Somalia topped the list of the most corrupt countries in Africa with a score of 12/100 and ranked 179 in the world. Last year, the score changed by one, thus increasing the score to 13/100 and ranking 178 in the world. The country’s high corruption rate is aided even more by the country’s unrest, state of chaos, and insecurity. Bribery is also prevalent since certain government officials accept this and turn a blind eye when illegal and criminal activities are committed. Although Somalia’s constitution expressly outlaws numerous types of corruption, the process of putting these rules into effect has yet to begin.
This Middle East and North African country have been in chaos since Gaddafi’s dictatorship fell apart in 2010. The economy has plummeted, and the public and private sectors have both descended into a quagmire of corruption. Also, corruption and vandalism have hit the oil industry, which was previously prospering.
The commercial sector is constantly at odds with government firms, which arbitrarily and illegally seize market share and suffocate private-sector competition. On a scale of 0 to 100, the country scores 17/100 and ranks 172 in the world as of 2021.
According to reports, corruption control in Guinea is relatively minimal. Citizens have lost trust in government leaders’ abilities and performance. This is because these authorities solely work for their gain. On a scale of 0 to 100, the country scores 17/100 and ranks 172 in the world as of 2021.
Democratic Republic of Congo
The Democratic Republic of Congo appears to survive on persecution and repression, particularly those who speak out against corruption or take steps to curb it. This is because the current democratic system is relatively feeble and fails to question the country’s corrupt officials.
Internal security is also in peril since the country’s military forces are not under the country’s authority. There is a perpetual fight for control and power within the country and its borders between its already decimated army and the local militia. As of last year, the country, on a scale of 0 to 100, scores 19/100 and ranks number 169 in the world.
Corruption has become a significant source of concern in the country as it continuously rises to the point that it has sparked unrest and instability. The present policies and agencies to reduce corruption in the country have reportedly failed. However, it looks like only a social study and a policy revision would save Burundi’s situation. On a scale of 0 to 100, the country scores 19/100 and ranks number 169 in the world as of 2021.
Chad is plagued by corruption in addition to security difficulties exacerbated by insurgency. As a result, the economy suffers, and the rule of law is barely enforceable. Although, there is an anti-corruption law in place, with penalties severe enough to dissuade anybody from committing the acts. Perpetrators, however, prefer to target, entrap, and apply these fines and punishments on perceived opponents of the government or opposition members. On a scale of 0 to 100, the country scores 20/100 and ranks number 164 in the world as of 2021.
It is widespread in practically every sector of the country, notably the economic sector. The country’s corruption extends to the political class as officials abuse power and favouritism is commonplace. On a scale of 0 to 100, the country scores 20/100 and ranks number 164 in the world as of 2021.
Corruption has riddled the country’s institutions, causing the otherwise well-functioning government departments to fail. On a scale of 0 to 100, the country scores 21/100 and ranks number 162 in the world as of 2021.
In 2020, Congo was 165th least corrupt country out of 180 with 19/100 score and zero change since 2019. There was, however, a change in 2021 as the country moved from 165 to 162 position, with a score change of +2, making the score 21/100.