The world is in the digital era where being technologically advanced is used as a yardstick to determine developed countries, and Africa is not excluded. Despite having the world’s oldest record of human technological advancement, which dates back to Egypt, the second-largest continent is rarely regarded as in technology.
One of the factors used to describe developed countries is the advanced science and technology developments. It is one of the fundamental pillars that propel the economies of these industrialised nations. Hence, here are the five most technologically advanced countries in Africa.
Over the years, South Africa has sustained its position as the most technologically advanced African nation. According to the 2021 Global Innovation Index (GII), South Africa ranks 61 out of the 132 countries featured in the report. Last year, the country’s innovation inputs outperformed its innovation outputs. It ranked 55th in innovation inputs, indicating a drop compared to 49th position in 2020 and 51st position in 2019. In terms of innovation output, South Africa ranked 68th in 2019, 2020, and 2021.
The appropriate support given to its human capital explains why the country’s information technology (IT) sector is rapidly developing. Also, the fact that the country has some of Africa’s most outstanding universities contributes to the country’s technological accomplishments.
Some of the innovations and inventions made in South Africa include Mark Shuttleworth’s Linux Ubuntu, Multichoice (DSTV), PayPal – co-founded by a South African, CAT scan, and SASOL technology, to name a few. South Africa’s technical prowess is, without a doubt, undeniable.
Morocco is ranked 77th out of 132 countries in the Global Innovation Index report of 2021.. In 2021, the country’s innovation outputs of Morocco outperformed its innovation inputs. It had 67th position in outputs compared to the 84th position. However, the country performed better in 2021 than the 85th position in 2020.
In 2019, Kenya ranked 77th according to the GII report and came 2nd in Sub-Saharan Africa with a score of 31.13. However, in 2021, it comes 3rd ranking 85th with a score of 27.5. Currently, the country is experiencing many startup enterprises with revolutionary ideas, particularly in the IT industry.
In 2021, the countries innovation outputs outperformed the innovation inputs. In innovation inputs, the country ranks 89th, which is higher than the 92nd position in 2021. In innovation outputs, it ranks 76th. This is higher than 2020but not as good as 2019.
Some of the innovations from Kenya include Antony Mutua’s charging shoe and a 44-year-old Nairobi resident’s alarm-fitted television, a solar-powered refrigerator which makes it possible for medications including vaccinations and valuable perishables to reach remote areas of rural cities where there is no hope of finding electricity, a charcoal stove, Moses Gichanga’ drone which can fly for up to two hours at a time, Tamperproof voting Machine, Solar-Powered Refrigerator, Underwater pets housing, SMS car immobilise, among others.
United Republic of Tanzania
According to World Bank, Tanzania’s economy in 2020 moved from low-income to the lower-middle-income level. Over time, the country’s science and technology industry also experienced similar expansion. In terms of science and technology, the government is working on a Vision 2025 plan that will use science and technology to change the economy into one that is strong, resilient, and competitive.
In 2019, the country was ranked 97th by the Global Innovation Index, with a score of 26.63, and the 7th in Sub-Saharan African countries. The country in 2021, ranked 90. Also, Tanzania’s innovation outputs outperform its innovation inputs. Tanzania is ranked 120th in innovation inputs in 2021, which is down from 2020 and 2019. Tanzania is ranked 65th in terms of innovation outputs. This is a better position than in both 2020 and 2019.
Egypt is the birthplace of modern civilisation and is regarded as a hotbed of inventions and innovations. According to the 2021 Global Innovation Index (GII), Egypt ranks 94 out of the 132 countries featured in the report. In 2021, Egypt’s innovation outputs outperformed its innovation inputs. Egypt is ranked 102nd in innovation inputs this year, higher than 2020 and 2019. Egypt is ranked 86th in terms of innovation production. This is a lower ranking than both 2020 and 2019.
Egypt is home to some of the top colleges on the African continent, and they foster technical advancement. Egypt’s massive technological advances are not without government backing, but despite recent turmoil in the Arab world, Egypt remains a technological powerhouse to be reckoned with on the African continent.
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