Low-Capital Agribusiness Ventures in Nigeria
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Money - September 27, 2023

Low-Capital Agribusiness Ventures that Can Make You a Multi-Millionaire in Nigeria

Navigating the diverse landscape of agribusiness in Nigeria reveals a plethora of opportunities for aspiring entrepreneurs. 

With the nation’s booming population and a constant demand for food and agricultural products, delving into agribusiness can be a lucrative venture, even for those with limited capital. 

In this article, we explore some low-capital agribusiness ventures that hold the potential to transform diligent individuals into multi-millionaires in Nigeria. 

These businesses not only require minimal investment but also promise substantial returns, offering a gateway to financial prosperity in the thriving Nigerian agricultural sector. Let’s jump in.

Poultry Farming

Poultry farming, especially broiler and layer farming, can be started with relatively low capital and yield significant returns. This agribusiness accounts for over 25% of the Nigerian agricultural sector and contributes significantly to the national GDP.

Poultry farming offers numerous business opportunities for entrepreneurs and investors. You can decide to get involved in the production and distribution of high-quality day-old chicks and eggs for poultry farmers. 

Others include poultry feed production, poultry equipment sales, poultry processing, poultry health services, poultry marketing and distribution, waste management, training and consulting and poultry farm real estate. 

Fish Farming

This is another lucrative agri-business in Nigeria, especially catfish and tilapia farming. While you will need initial investment for pond construction, fingerlings and feeds, selling mature fish to local markets and restaurants can be highly profitable.

Chibuike Emmanuel, a fish farmer from Port Harcourt noted that he took advantage of his access to a cable television station, which has a lot of specie and a good source of water.

In his words, “I thought the transmission facility would make an excellent start for an ad hoc fish farm. So I approached the company staff and pitched the idea to them. This was how we started with just one pond and 500 small fish–fingerlings. Today we have expanded to seven ponds and by the first quarter of next year we hope to triple our ponds on that facility.”

Snail Farming

This is a low-capital and low-risk agri-business that is gaining popularity in Nigeria. Snail farming could be carried out in one’s backyard because it does not require a very large space, hardly falls sick and could eat leftover foods as well as grasses to survive.

It brings quick returns on investment, especially with species like the Achatina Achatina. A snail farmer, Sam Uko said, “Snail is very important to man; its meat is low in cholesterol, sodium and fat, which makes it good for hypertensive patients.”

Uko revealed that he makes between N200,000 and N300,000 every month from snails. He said, “I sell to restaurants, hotels and different eateries. This business is quite a money-spinning one; it has no stress, does not consume much time and yet, has a very high return to my capital.”

Vegetable Farming

Growing high-demand vegetables like tomatoes, peppers, and leafy greens can be started with minimal investment. This agri-business requires little or no expertise, has a short cycle from planting to harvesting and can be done on any scale.

With N100,000 to N500,000, you can buy seedlings, farm equipment, implements, pesticides, and labour and take care of initial administrative costs.

You can always supply fresh produce to local vendors and markets.


Also known as Apiculture, Beekeeping is a sustainable agri-business that requires minimal investment and maintenance. You can make money from this business through the sale of honey, beeswax, and other bee-related products.

A bee farmer, Abudu Inanigie said, “Bee-keeping is being practised in Edo State and it is gaining recognition because of the value attached to it. We now have a beekeepers association.”

Abudu noted that “Constructing a beehive costs between N8,000 and N9,500; the iron stand costs between N4000 and N5000 and a sheet of zinc to cover the box to prevent rain from entering inside.  So in all, one beehive costs between N14,000 and N15,000.” 

He further explained that “a beehive is about three feet high and that depending on the colony of bees in the box, a farmer can get about 21 litre from one beehive. A litre now goes for about N4000.”

The Edo farmer stressed that farmers can harvest honey three times in a season, as there is economic value in bee farming.

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